Pharmaceutical Sector requires a significant solution to manage their continuous operational competence, drug discovery, and drug development to achieve better patient outcomes. Cognitive computing can make a transformative advancement to this value-driven industry with a more integrated approach. Cognitive computing has its potential to transform the life sciences industry in an enormous way. With the power to unleash a new era of innovation and growth, cognitive systems can accelerate scientific discoveries, transform clinical trials, and develop execution and engagement for better care management. Cognitive computing emphasize on real-time and highly scalable predictive models for life science industry. The benefits of machine learning in the pharmaceutical sector are potentially significant, from day-to-day operational efficiencies to significant improvements in human health and welfare arising from improving drug discovery or personalizing medicine.